英语四级阅读理解高频考点

发布于:2021-09-13 20:46:31

  在英语学*过程中,阅读理解能力是学*者发展语言能力的基础和手段。国内的各类英语考试中几乎都有阅读理解题型,大学英语四级考试也不例外。大学英语四级阅读理解试题是试卷中分值最重的题型,为了提高大家的阅读水*,下面是小编为大家带来,希望对大家的学*有所帮助!

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  高频考点一、特殊标记处

  细心的同学会在以前的四六级大纲中发现,快速阅读部分写到:“要求考生运用略读和查读的技能从篇章中获取信息。“考核学生利用各种提示,快速查找特定信息的能力。这些提示包括文中的以下信息:

  1. 数字

  2. 大写单词

  3. 段首或句首词等

  很显然,这一条不仅适用于快速阅读,也适用于仔细阅读。

  例:Richard Got professor of astrophysics atPrinceton, hopes man will set up a self-sufficientcolony on Mars, which would be a “life insurance policy against whatever catastrophes, naturalor otherwise, might occur on Earth. ***2008.6, cet6***

  66. According to Princeton professor Richard Gott, by setting up a self-sufficient colonyon Mars, Humans_____.

  A. might survive all catastrophes on earth

  B. might acquire ample natural resources

  C. will be able to travel to Mars freely

  D. will move there to live a better life

  【答案】A

  【解析】题干中setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars可在原文中直接找到,原文中which引导的定语从句表示的内容就是setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars所带来的影响:人类能够应对地球上各种各样的灾难从而幸存下来。A选项中的survive all catastrophes on earth 是对原文的同义转述。

  例:In the past few years, prominent schools around the world have joined the trend. In2003, when Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard, another former Yale provost, as itsvice-chancellor, the university publicly stressed that in her previous job she had overseen***监督*** “a major strengthening of Yale’s financial position.” ***2009.12, cet4***

  65. Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard as its vice-chancellor chiefly because_____.

  A. she was known to be good at raising money

  B. she could help strengthen its ties with Yale

  C. she knew how to attract students overseas

  D. she had boosted Yale’s academic status

  【答案】A

  【解析】文中提到,剑桥大学于2003年任命Alison Richard为副校长,而句中publicly stressed***公开强调***之后的内容即为任命她的原因,便是:在以前的岗位上她的监管使得“耶鲁的财政地位得到显著加强”。所以,推理可知,答案为A。

  高频考点二、连接词

  掌握了连接词与连接语,就能更好的了解一篇阅读理解的思路,所以了解这些连接词与连接语的不同功能,那么你会在阅读理解取得收获。

  连接词与连接语可以分为以下三类:

  1. 表明事件发生的时间顺序:

  then, first, at once, next, after that, previously,while, when, the following day, etc.

  2. 表明文章的组织结构:

  1*** Listing: firstly, in the first place, secondly,thirdly, my next point is, last/finally, etc.

  2*** Illustrating: for example/ for instance, toillustrate, an example/ instance of this is, let’s take….., take…. for example, etc.

  3*** Re-stating: in other words, that is to say, to put it another way, let me put it this way, orrather, namely, etc.

  4*** Referring: in this respect, in that connection, as we said, apart from this, etc.

  5*** Resuming: to resume, to return to the previous point, getting back to the argument,etc.

  6*** Summarizing: to sum up, in short, it amounts to this, what I have been saying is this,etc.

  7*** Emphasizing: it is worth noting, I would like to direct your attention to, let us consider,we must now turn to, I shall begin by, etc.

  3. 表明作者的观点、态度

  1*** Introducing*** or emphasizing*** further evidence: moreover, furthermore, in addition,what’s more, as well, etc.

  2*** Cause: because ***of***, since, owing to, on account of, due to, as a result of, etc.

  3*** Effect: as a result, hence, therefore, consequently, thus, so, etc.

  4*** Contrasting: in / by contrast, on the contrary, on the other hand, nevertheless,whereas, while, yet, however, but, etc.

  5*** Comparison: in like manner, likewise, in the same way, similarly, in comparison with,etc.

  6*** Purpose: to this end, for this purpose, with this in mind, in order to, so that, etc.

  7*** Intensification: indeed, in fact, in any event / case, at no time, to tell the truth, etc

  在掌握了上面这些连接词和连接语之后,想必大家做阅读理解时会更有把握。

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